Informality as a Continuum: Evidence from Four Furniture Manufacturing Clusters in Kenya

Currently, firms tend to be classified as belonging to the formal or informal sector. Using evidence from furniture manufacturing firms in Kenya, Richmond Atta-Ankomah argues that the informal sector is inherently heterogeneous and informality is best described as a continuum.


As the President of Africa's largest trading partner, China visits Africa, speculations are rife as to the amount of deals expected to be inked during his visit. To discuss what will shape China-Africa trade relations next year; CNBC Africa is joined by Ross Harvey, Chief Executive of South Africa Institute of International Affairs and Giles Mohan, Professor of International Development at the Open University.

he panel discuss the two newly published books Just Give Money to the Poor and What Works for the Poorest . This event - Just give money to the poor and what works for the poorest. 

Dr. Joseph Hanlon, senior Lecturer,Development Policy and Practice at Open University is one of the participant and author of Just Give Money to the Poor. 

Dr. Joseph Hanlon, senior Lecturer,Development Policy and Practice at Open University, gives the historical background of land redistribution in Zimbabwe. He argues that several prominent Settlers have predicted that land ownership will be contentious issue in Zimbabwe.

Speakers: Dr Joseph Hanlon, Dr Jeanette Manjengwa, Teresa Smart

Recorded on Monday 28 January 2013 in New Theatre, East Building.


A discussion with the authors of the new book, Zimbabwe Takes Back its Land which offers a nuanced assessment of land reform, countering the dominant media narratives of oppression and economic stagnation in Zimbabwe.

Joseph Hanlon is a visiting senior lecturer at the Open University.

Jeanette Manjengwa is deputy director of the Institute for Environmental Studies at the University of Zimbabwe, Harare.

Teresa Smart is a visiting fellow at the Institute of Education, University of London.